Makha Bucha Day
Makha Bucha Day which is observed in Thailand on the full moon of the third lunar month, which is usually the end of February or early March. Since Makha Bucha is based on the lunar calendar (“Makha” in fact is the Pali word for the third month).
- There were 1,250 Sangha followers all from different places, that came to see the Buddha that evening without prior arrangements, no emails, no twitter, no Facebook, no phone calls.
- All of them were Enlightened, and all of them were ordained by Buddha.
- Buddha gave them the principles of the Buddhism:
- To cease from all evil.
- To do what is good.
- To cleanse one’s mind.
Observances on the day begin around sunset at temples all around Thailand. Thais will come to pray, make offerings, then, after sunset, there will be candlelight processions around the ordination hall (ubosot) or pagoda, if the temple has an especially important one.
In Pali, Makha is the name of the third lunar month, and Bucha means “to venerate.”
On this day, Thai Buddhists gather at sunset in their local temples to participate in candlelight processions called Wian Tian (Wian means circle, Tian means candle).
The monks and the congregation, holding flowers in one hand and a lighted candle and incense in the other, walking 3 times around the Temple to honor each of the “3 Jewels” of their faith: Buddha, Dharma , Sangha.
They will refocus and renew their commitment to keeping the 5 Precepts:
- Do not kill.
- Do not steal.
- Do not engage in improper sexual conduct.
- Do not make false statements.
- Do not drink alcohol.
On the evening of the full-moon day, each temple in Thailand holds a candlelight procession called a wian thian (wian meaning to circle around; thian meaning candle). Holding flowers, incense and a lighted candle, the monks and congregation members circumambulate clockwise three times around the phra ubosot (ordination hall), once for each of the Three Jewels: the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha.